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Translation
STATE POPULATION POLICY

MAHARASHTRA GOVERNMENT
PUBLIC HEALTH DEPARTMENT
Govt. Resolution No.LoSanDho-2000/PraKra 57/00/KuKa-1
Mantralaya, Mumbai - 400 032
Date : 9th May 2000

Govt. Resolution - Maharashtra State has always remained in the forefronts of developmental activities. However, the growth rate of population has not been controlled as per expectation. The State took 60 years ( 1901 - 61 ) to double its population but the next doubling was seen only within 30 years ( 1961-91) . The Maharashtra Government had taken continuous efforts to control this fast growing population. Considering social, geographical & industrial conditions of Maharashtra, there are various social factors responsible for population growth. Some important factors among them are low average age at marriage of girl and deep rooted son preference.

2. As per recommendations of the International Conference on Population & Development, now the Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) Programme is implemented in the State. In this programme, attention is given to MCH, Ante Natal Care, Neonatal Care, Care about health of adolescent girls, Prevention of reproductive tract infection etc. along with population control.

3. To control the population and also considering the changes made in implementing family welfare programme as per recommendations of International Conference on Population Development, it has been necessary to decide comprehensive population policy. Accordingly State has declared its Population Policy.

Main objectives of the policy are as given below.-

1. To reduce Total Fertility Rate ( TFR) from 2.5 to 2.1 upto to 2004.
2. To reduce Infant Mortality & Maternal Mortality Significantly
3. To improve comprehensive health of family.
4. To provide special services to tribal area, small size villages ; and urban slum areas.

Goals decided for various health indicators.

Indicator
Present Status (SRS)
Goal
  Maharashtra Maharashtra 2002-03 2004 2010
Birth Rate 22.5 (1998 ) 19-9 (2003) 18 15
Death Rate 7.7 ( 1998 ) 7-2 (2003) 6.4 5
Total Fertility Rate 2.5 (1998 ) 2.5 (2002) 2.1 1.8
Infant Mortality Rate 49 (1998) 4.3 (2002) 25 15
Neonatal Mortality Rate 35 29 (2002) 20 10

# SRS -Sample Registration Scheme.

4. To achieve the desired goals, special emphasis will be given on optimum utilization of Health Institutions, Infrastructure manpower. The main points covered under it are as given below.

1. To improve programme management.(Moritoring ;Supervision)

2. To enhance availability & improve quality of services.

3. To increase awareness among the community about the available facilities and also about the social factors affecting demographic process ( Age at Marriage, son preference, right to health etc.)

4.To provide special Health Services & Counselling for adolescents.

5. To enlist support from different Government departments & other sectors like NGOs, Local self Government etc.

Proposed Activities

Following specific interventions are included in the policy.

1. Small Family Norm
State has accepted two children norm as ‘Small Family Norm’.

2. The personal benefit schemes for government and semi-government employees will be linked to acceptance of the small family norm. ( From 1st May 2001 )

a) Couples accepting the small family norm only will be eligible for subsidies under various schemes.

b) Acceptance of the small family norm will be considered at the time of recruitment to government and semi-government employment.

c) Employees accepting the small family norm will be given preference for sanctioning facilities like house building advance,vehicle advance etc.

d) Only those employees limiting their family to two children will be entitled to reimbursement of medical expenses.


3. Inclusion of Policy Implementation in Officers Confidential Reports (in their juridiction)

Implementation of the state policy depends upon the co-ordination and co-operation of officers at various levels. Active involvement in the implementation of the policy will be considered for annual assessment in confidential reports. In the self evaluation format this will be included under “Targets” assigned to governmental officials and under “general Evaluation” of confidential reports of all Divisional Commissioners, Collectors, Chief Executive Officers of Z.P.s, Municipal Commissioners, Chief Officers of Municipal Councils, Block Development Officers of Panchayat Samitees, Tahsildars, District Health Officers, Civil Surgeons, Deputy Directors in charge circles etc.

4. Increasing availability of Health Services. - Following points are covered under it.

a) Two years rural service after post graduate medical training.

b) Strict implementation of Public Health Department’s policy regarding appointments and transfers.

c) Strengthening of services and facilities for laparoscopy sterilisations

d) Implementation of “Matru Suraksha Vahini” scheme to facilitate referral services in remote areas.

5. Organization of Family Welfare Camps by Various Institutions

To provide maternal and child health care, to diagnose Rerpoductive Tract Infection /Sexually Transmitted Dieseases (RTI/STD), to perform sterilizations etc. under the Family Welfare program, Camps will be organised with financial support from sugar factories, co-operatives, district central banks, milk producing co-operatives, textiles, industrial establishments, private medical practitioners, Indian Medical Association, Rotary International, Lions Club etc.

6. Strict Implementation of existing Acts and Policies

Following existing Acts and Policies will be implemented more strictly.
a) Child Marriages Restrain Act of 1978
b) Prenatal Sex Determination Act of 1994
c) Registration of Births and Deaths Act of 1969
d) Maharashtra Marriage Council Regulation and Marriage Registration
Act of 1998
e) Free Education for girls
f) Policy for Women

7. Acceptance of Small Family Norm as Eligibility condition for Elections (From 1st May 2001)

To generate awareness about the small family norm, it is necessary that role models are created by non-officials of Z.P.s, Panchayat Samitees, Municipal corporations, corporations, co-operatives, district central banks, milk producers organizations, textiles etc. Hence action will be taken to include, the small family norm as one of the conditions in the eligibility criteria for contesting elections, in the rules regarding these elections. Similarly it will be applicable to selection or appointment of members on various government committees.

8. Jagruk Grampanchayat’ Yojana ( From 1st May 2001 )

This scheme will be implemented for effective implementation of the state population policy and to enhance community participation and involvement of community leaders and representatives at the Grampanchayat level. Under the scheme, funds will be made available for important local needs like digging well, bore-wells, construction of public toilets, repairs of Grampanchayat or school buildings, road levelling etc., to the Grampanchayats fulfilling specific criteria.
This scheme will be be implemented from 1st May 2001.

9.Enhancing Quality of Services ( To be implemented from 1st April 2000 )

a) For effective implementation of the state population policy, strengthening of health services and facilities will be undertaken. Based on criteria regarding Environmental sanitation, proper treatment to patients following award schemes for government institutions at various levels will be implemented.

1. Best District Hospital and Women Hospital at the state level

2. Best Rural Hospital at the circle level.

3. Best Primary Health Center and sub-center at the district leve

b) Award scheme for staff working in First Referral Units (FRU)

Strengthening of health services and facilities is being undertaken under the RCH program. FRUs have been established to make specialist care available to communities in rural, remote and tribal areas. An incentive scheme will be announced for best performing workers in these FRUs. At the state level 3 such workers will be given the awards.
Rotating Shields and certificates will be awarded to selected institutions/staff.

10. Strengthening of Intra-natal Care

A large number of deliveries are attended by untrained birth attendants in rural area. For safe delivery and reduction in maternal and infant mortality, at village level, these untrained birth attendants will be trained in the Primary Health Centers.

11.Special Measures to enhance Quality of Health Care in Urban area

Under this scheme, disease detection camps will be conducted in municipal corporations and municipal councils areas. These camps will cater specially to women and adolescent girls by regularly examining and treating them for Rerpoductive Tract Infection /Sexually Transmitted Dieases(RTI/STD), among other diseases. This will help in reducing the Burden of Disease.

12. Mother and Child Care Centers at Village Level

Mother and Child Care Centers will be established in villages lacking facilities like subcenter or primary health center. These centers will be utilized to conduct safe deliveries, to organise maternal and child protection clinics, to organise meetings of Mahila Mandal etc.

13.Revised Savitribai Phule Kanya kalyan Yojana
( To be implemented from 1st May 2000)

1. Applicable to couples Below Poverty Line (BPL) only.

2. For couples accepting strerilization with only one daughter and no son, Rs. 10,000 will be kept in the name of the daughter as a fixed deposit. This amount will be due to the girl at the age of completing 18 years. An additional amount of Rs. 5000 will be kept in terms of a 5-years fixed deposit, if this girl completes 10th standard. She will be entitled to this additional amount only if she does not get married before completing the age of 20 years.

3. Similar scheme will be applicable to couples with two daughters and no son with Rs. 5000 to each of the daughters

14. State Population Women Commission-

Active involvement of women in implementation of Population Policy from State-level to village-level is essential. Hence, State Population Women Commission will be constituted at state level.

• State level -
State Population Women Commission under the chairmanship of the wife of the Chief Minister.

15. For monitoring and successful implementation of the State Population Policy, following Commission / Committee will be constituted at different levels.

a). At the state level
1.State Population Commission under the chairmanship of the Honourable Chief Minister.
2.State Co-ordination Committee under the chairmanship of the Chief Secretary.

b). At the divisional level
Divisional Population Co-ordination Committee under the chairmanship of the Divisional Commissioner.

c). At the district level
District Population Co-ordination Committee under the chairmanship of the Guardian Minister of the district.

d) District Population Monitoring Committee under the chairmanship oft the District Collector.

5. The schems given in this Policy Resolution will be implemented from the date mentioned before that specific scheme / intervention.

6. For the implementation of schemes / interventions suggested under this policy, the necessary amendments will be made in resolutions or separate Govt. resolutions will be issued. The terms & conditions of the scheme will be given in this Resolution. The scheme will be implemented as per the terms & conditions given is that resolution.

7. This Resolution issued with the concurrence of the FD / Planning & Finance Department.

By order and in the name of Governor of Maharashtra

 

 

 

 




 

Population Policy

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